April 7, 2014

LSAT Scores

The test scores shown on your LSAT scores report may initially confuse you. This section clarifies how LSAC arrived at your score, and why LSAC selected this method.

You may choose to receive your official LSAT score either through postal mail or your LSAC.org e-mail account. Expect the hard copy postal version in four weeks. Expect the online version in three weeks. LSAC abides by privacy laws, and cannot fax your score or release it to anyone other than the test taker and his or her designated law schools and prelaw advisor.

Both postal and e-mail reports show the same information. Your most recent score appears along with a history of up to 12 test scores dating as far back as June, 2004. Your raw score is the number of questions you answered correctly. LSAC does not deduct incorrect answers. Individual questions all have the same weight. LSAC equates your raw score to an LSAT scale that ranges from a low of 120 to a high of 180. LSAC does this to adjust for the different test forms it uses.

Each of your individual scores and your average score is converted to a score band. A score band is a probability tool that estimates your proficiency. Score bands reflect your true proficiency 68% of the time. LSAT scores are considered quite precise, but LSAC offers a range so that you and your law school evaluators obtain a comprehensive overview of your competency and potential. To reduce the possibility of a candidate’s official LSAT score misleading readers, LSAC includes the score bands to suggest a high/low progression within which the actual score resides.

LSAC tries to accurately reflect your actual and potential capabilities by including your percentile rank, which is the percentage of candidates whose test scores were lower than yours in the previous three years. For example, if you score in the 91st percentile, it means only 9% of candidates who tested in the past three years scored higher than you did, while 91% of candidates scored either the same or lower than you.

Finally, the official LSAT scores contains information pertaining to prior tests you have taken. Your previous LSAT scores are represented individually and as an average with score bands and percentile ranks.

If you disagree with LSAC’s machine scoring method, you have 60 days after your test date to request that your answer sheet be hand scored by a human. You must make your request in writing to LSAC in Newtown, Pennsylvania and enclose a re-scoring fee. The person who scores your test by hand can only consider your answer sheets, not anything you wrote in the test booklet itself.